Caring Of Pets While You Take A Trip With Them

Each and every individual tends to have serenity and tranquility in his mind and that is why they plan for a vacation to a place, totally distinct to their surroundings. The change in place could have a whorl of effect on their mind and their aim to rejuvenate their body and soul is fulfilled. While some people travel alone, some take their family with them.

What if you family consists of a pet animal? Would you leave it alone in the house? Or would you hire a pet-sitter to take care of it while you go? You could do a hoard of things while you decide to leave it. You could give it to a pet agency that does care for your pet while you travel but can’t be sure that they would treat it in the stipulated manner. How about giving it to your neighbors? Well, firstly they might be resilient to accept it and even if they do, you can’t expect them to have the same loving and caring behavior.

Under these conditions, you have a brilliant option of taking your pet to travel with you. The trip would have a magical effect on the mind of the pet and its faith on you will surge high. Here are some useful tips that you could use to make the journey with your pet utterly successful and pleasing:

Scheduling The Trip

Making plans for the journey is very essential as the size of the animal would obviously affect the trip. You should collect all the information about what are the services offered by different pet carriers and what are their schemes. Pets Travel Scheme (PETS) is a service that transports animals. While using this, be sure that the carriers are approved and the routes are authorized. Also, inform the carrier beforehand if your pet is a guide dog or an assistance dog, so that they could make arrangements for them.

Fitness Of The Pet While They Travel

If your pet is not in a good and robust health condition, he may not be able to make the appropriate use of the journey and as a result of this, your trip could also get spoiled. To avoid this condition, make sure that the vigor and vitality of your pet support it to travel well. Some of the pets which might resist the idea of travelling are:

  1. A pet that is injured physically
  2. A newly born pup or cub
  3. A pet that requires constant feeding
  4. A pet that has recently given birth to babies
  5. A pregnant pet

Instructions Before The Journey

You have to make your pet accustomed to the conditions of travelling while you plan to take it on a flight. Be sure to offer it a healthy diet at least 2 hours before the journey so that it does not becomes sluggish while travelling on a full stomach. Make sure that water is available with the pet all the times. Take him to the toilet just before boarding so that it does not feels restless amidst the journey. If the carriers offer to take the pet encased, practice the same in the house so that your pet becomes accustomed to the flight conditions. A very important factor is giving a tranquilizer to your pet. It is generally not recommended to use such materials unless the pet is utterly resistant to the conditions of travelling. Make sure to get information about the drug and its effect on the pet.

While In The Journey

The journey could have varied effects on various pets. It is to be made sure that the pet has neatly settled with the encasing, it has been contained in. There should be proper ventilation in the case so that moisture and heat do not affect its health condition. The pet also requires water constantly and be sure that it is supplied to the pet at stipulated times.

Heatstroke In A Pet

As a matter of fact, dogs are highly susceptible to the rising heat and could be heavily affected by it. Under these conditions, the problem of heatstroke occurs, which could decline the health of your dog while in the journey. Dogs may start panting when the temperature rises above the conditions they are used to. They may salivate more, breathe heavily and would get disconcerted. Overheating of a dog’s body is a major problem and as a result the tissues of the body start rupturing. Under extreme conditions, the dog may go to coma or even die.

As an aid to this, always keep track of the temperature conditions your dog is subjected and even if a slight panting and breathlessness occurs, give it water to drinks and spray water on its body. Contact a vet as fast as you can.

When You Travel By A Vehicle

While you drive a vehicle, the pets that you have could distract you. Therefore, it is recommended that the pet you take to travel must be kept contained so that your driving is not disturbed. If they are kept loose, make sure they do not escape through the open windows. If they are kept in the luggage compartment, there should be proper ventilated conditions with no space to escape. Also keep a supply of water and ensure optimum temperature conditions while travelling.

When The Travel Requires A Ferry

Your journey could comprise of a sea voyage and you could take your pet with you, but with specific directions. Make sure to reach the place well before time so that you could get a good place. You could make your journey at night while the temperature is cooler. It is very essential to inform the officials about your pet so that they could provide you suitable arrangements. Give your pet enough food and water and ensure a regular supply of water while the journey is on. If the journey tends to last more than two hours, be sure to check its toilet conditions and make certain the policies of the company while it is contained in a container.

When You Travel In A Train

Your pet remains with you while you travel so keep them well in your vehicle. Very small dogs or cats could be kept in a container while travelling.

When You Travel By Plane

The voyage consists of travelling at high altitudes and therefore, it is required to take special care of the pets. When you book your tickets, inform the airline services about the pet and check their conditions about journey. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) Live Animals Regulations offers some laws and you have to fulfill these for the journey. Get information about the containers they keep the pet in and also make sure that your pets get adequate supply of good food and water. Also, they may restrain certain pets from travelling. You could get more information about these on their stipulated websites.

Credentials And Permits

Keep all the paper and documents up to the mark that relate to your pet’s travel. You could need these any time amidst the journey.

The Container, Your Pet Is Kept In

Generally your pet’s journey would occur contained and for this it is to be made sure that the container which is used is of appropriate shape and size and meets all the requirements of your pet’s comfort. It should be big enough so that the pet could stand, sit and lie down in a placate manner. The design of the container should not hurt the body of the pet. It should not allow the pet to get its paw or head stuck. Rather, it should be utterly ventilated, have a constant supply of water and should have proper bedding, so that your pet could lie assured.

Safety And Security Of The Pet While In The Journey

When the journey is short, lasting for less than three hours, a single-time care would be enough for the journey but when the trip tends to last for more than or equal to a day, you have to be very careful about your pet’s security as many pets would not love the notion of being contained for such a long time, especially if it is young and vibrant. It is your responsibility to make your pet familiar to such conditions before, so that its energy and stamina may not prove to be a bane for him.

Following all the stipulated norms and above mentioned conditions, your journey with the pets could be supremely enthralling and you could have lots of long-lasting memories. When you believe that your pets are your family members, they should also get to enjoy with you as your family does. Do not forget to take down memoirs in the form of photographs so that when in future you take a look at them, you could cherish the moments and also commend your idea of taking your pet with you.

Most Common Cat Illnesses And Their Improvement Methods

You favorite kitty could be very active by nature. It would love to climb trees, jump over the fence, steal into the neighbor’s house and also catch other small animals. While it catches a mouse or a bird, these are bound to be consumed by the cat, unless it is too picky in its eating habits.

When the cat is viewed to perform a whole lot of mischievous activities, it remains in a close vicinity to many harmful elements. These elements are capable of rendering its body, the most perilous disorders that could harm it drastically.

Therefore, while you rear a cat and perform all the activities related to cat grooming, it is very necessary to be vigilant of the body condition of the pet. For example, if your cat is showing signs of itching, there are possibilities that fleas would have made a dwelling unit in its body.

These signals are to be caught by the cat-keeper at their very advent and appropriate measures are to be taken to do them off.

Here we would discuss a few common disorders in the body of cats that frequently attack your pet. Though they might not sound grave, the long-term existence of these disorders could even cost its life.

Common Disorders That Affect The Body Of Cats:

Respiratory Infections:

These are one of the most common illnesses that affect a cat. Some of the symptoms that accompany respiratory infections include:

  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Runny nose
  • Breathing problems
  • Fatigue
  • Lethargy
  • Lack of appetite
  • Watery eyes
  • Fever
  • Pneumonia

These respiratory infections may be caused due to various reasons such as:

  • Smoke from the environment
  • Dust and dirt in and around the house
  • Parasitic attack
  • Due to pollens and flowers
  • Allergies
  • Stress
  • Overcrowded living area

It is to be understood by the pet-keeper that these respiratory infections are highly contagious and could pass to the other cats or pets in your house. Therefore, the infected cat must be kept away from the other pets.

To treat this disorder, various kinds of antibiotics and fluids are commercially available. You could make use of these to effectively treat your pet cat.

Intestinal Parasites:

The parasitic attack is common in almost all the pets and cats are no different. A fact says that almost 3% of the cats gave a lower urinary tract disease and intestinal parasites are one of the causes that create these diseases.

Roundworm is one of the most common forms of parasite that invades the body of cats. It could be ingested due to infected insect bites or if it has consumed a small animal such as a rodent, which is contact with the contaminated soil.

When the roundworm gets introduced in the body, it proceeds with its invasion in the intestine of the cat and could also get to the blood stream and other critical organs.

You could view the attack of roundworms with the spaghetti-shaped strands in the excreta of cats. These parasites are capable of rendering symptoms such as bloated tummy, dullness of outer coat, lack of appetite and diarrhea etc. In fact, a huge build-up of roundworms could even cost the life of your beloved pet.

Another parasite that attacks the body of cats is tapeworm, which has a white, ribbon-like structure. These worms are ingested due to attack of infected flea that might have consumed the tapeworm eggs.

When these eggs reach to the body of cats, they find a secure place in the stomach to hatch and develop, and are always attached to the intestine of the animal. These tapeworms are the common culprits to suck nutrients out of the body of cat. Due to them, the cat would easily lose weight and could suffer from diarrhea etc. conditions.

These parasitic attacks could be suppressed with the help of oral dewormer medications. Apart from this, flea control methods, cleanliness and limiting the cat indoor would also help it from the dangerous attack of parasites.

Diarrhea:

Diarrhea may be characterized by a regular loss of food and water from the body through feces or vomiting. This is one of the common diseases in the cats that cause an acute shortage of water and nutrients in its body. Some of the reasons why cats experience diarrhea are:

  • Eating of unfavorable materials such as garbage, nonfood material, restricted human food or spoiled food materials
  • A sudden change in the diet of cat
  • Due to a sensitive digestive tract that is not able to adapt with the ingredients
  • Parasitic attack
  • Viral and bacterial infections
  • Drugs and toxins
  • Intestinal blockage
  • Foreign body ingestion
  • Kidney diseases
  • Pancreatic diseases
  • Liver diseases
  • Allergies and fungal infections etc.

Due to these diarrhea-causing culprits, the body of cat may experience the following symptoms:

  • Excessive water discharge in the feces, more than the regular amount
  • Vomiting that may accompany blood
  • Blood and mucus discharge in the feces
  • Increase the volume of feces
  • Possibility of anorexia
  • Excessive weakness
  • Fevers; mild or extreme
  • Abdominal pain
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Sleeplessness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Strain in passing of feces etc.

When the above symptoms are viewed in the cat, it has to be quickly taken to the vet. A rigorous blood test is carried out which includes the count of critical elements in it. It could be followed with a urine test and X-Ray too.

When the symptoms and causes have been effectively found out, the medications for the same could follow the diagnosis. If the diarrhea is a mild one, it could be cured with the help of antibiotics but in critical cases, an ingestion of intravenous fluids might be significantly required.

Gum Infection Or Gingivitis:

Gingivitis in cats is also known as inflammation of gums and this disease highly affects the mouth of cats. It is mostly found in the cats that consume more of a carbohydrate-rich kind of diet.

When there is an excessive build-up of plaque in the cat’s teeth, there is an accumulation of sticky bacterial film and food particles continue to deposit in the place. When this plaque gets blended with saliva and minerals, it could turn into a yellow tartar which is hard enough to irritate the teeth of cats.

If this tartar is not given appropriate attention, it builds up to a level that various symptoms such as reddened gum, difficulty in chewing foods, bad breath are said to occur initially.

Further, if the pet-keeper still pays no attention towards the pet, the disease has the capability of spreading in the entire body. The bacteria in the teeth get transmitted in the blood and attack the critical organs such as heart and kidneys.

If you come to know of the gingivitis conditions in the body of your cat, it should be rendered a professional help to clean its teeth.

Prevention is surely better than cure and therefore, the daily brushing habits should be carefully scheduled. You could use cat-special toothpaste to provide the utmost hygienic conditions to the teeth.

Also, the diet of the cat should be taken into account and excess of carbohydrate or fat should be avoided in the diet. You could also contact your vet for a suitable antibiotic if the condition has reached a critical level.

Urinary Tract Infections:

Urinary tract infections in cats occur in the bladder and urethra (a tube from the bladder that facilitates urine out of the body of cats). There are various causes of urinary infections in cats such as:

  • Cystitis
  • Bacterial attack
  • Dehydration
  • Fungal infection
  • High mineral content in dry foods etc.

This problem in cats has various grave symptoms such as painful urination, blood in the urine, thickening of the bladder, blockage of urine flow, urinary crystals and even kidney failures.

When these types of symptoms are noted in the cats, the vets conduct several urinalyses to find out the exact cause of the disease. With these, the cats are offered antibiotics and change in diets. The effective nutrition and low-stress aesthetics could cure the Urinary Tract Infections efficiently.

Flea Attack:

When you notice that you cat is frequently scratching its body with the paw, there are chances that fleas might have attacked the body of the pet. Fleas and ticks are small insects that love to dwell in the body of hairy pets such as dogs and cats.

When these insects attack their body, they could lead to various kinds of infections and allergies. These attacks might also affect the sensitive organs such as brain, heart and kidneys.

If you examine the presence of flea in the body of pets, get it diagnosed with a vet to know the plight of attack. Generally the attack does not cause a heavy syndrome, unless it is discovered too late.

Also, do not forget to offer your cat a regular wash with a prescribed shampoo to do away with the problem of fleas.

How to Bathe Your Cat?

Giving a dog a bath is usually an easy and fun task that the whole family can get involved with, but have you ever tried to bathe a cat? Unfortunately, most cats are not fond of getting baths, and this can make it very difficult to successfully wash your furry feline friend. Read on to find out all the tips you need to know in order to bathe your cat.

Does My Cat Need a Bath?

Not all cats need to be bathed. You may notice your cat washing himself on a regular basis, and she might keep himself clean on his own. Some cats are perfectly capable of cleaning themselves, but others may not be so lucky. In some cases, cats have not learned how to groom themselves properly, and may end up with sticky, matted, or greasy fur from a lack of attention to certain areas. Other cats, particularly those that are overweight, old, disabled, or very furry, cannot reach all of the areas of their coats that need to be groomed. If you notice that your cat’s coat has become dirty or full of clumps, it is time to give kitty a bath.

Getting Ready

Before bringing your cat to the bath, you should prepare everything you need ahead of time.

  • Purchase a cat-safe shampoo from your local pet store, and be sure to choose one that is made from all-natural ingredients so it will not cause any unnecessary rashes or irritation to your cat’s skin.
  • If your cat has sharp claws, you might want to consider trimming them a few days before the bath, to ensure that you do not get hurt in the process.
  • Place a wet towel into the bottom of your sink, and start running lukewarm water. Be sure it is not scalding hot or very cool.
  • Finally, it is time to bring your cat to the sink. Try to remain calm, even if you are nervous about the bath, so your cat will not sense any trouble.

Bath Time

You may want to ask someone to help you bathe your cat, particularly if you have never tried before. Remember that, if your cat tries to leap out of the water, the best course of action is to just let him leave. Struggling with your cat will only make him more afraid of bath time in the future.

  • Place your cat into the sink, but not directly under the flow of the water.
    Do not get shampoo or water in your cat’s eyes, and do not worry about washing his face or head.
  • Squeeze out a little bit of shampoo, and lather your cat’s fur, starting with his back and moving to his chest, stomach, and legs.
  • Finally, use a cup or a spray nozzle to rinse all of the shampoo out of your cat’s fur.
  • Remove your cat from the sink, and dry him off with a clean towel.

In no time at all, you will become an expert at bathing your cat!

Cat Diseases And How Do They Occur

The bubbly and mischievous kitty that you possess might look mighty healthy, but it could be subjected to a number of disorders. What do you do to groom it? You give it a bath, clean its sense organs, might clean its inner parts and also offer a cut in its hair. All these are good as far as the physical appearance is concerned but there is more to the body of cats that might not be legible to the human eyes. It is the hoard of diseases that occur not only due to dangerous environment but also because of the nourishment and ingestion it takes.

A cat may unknowingly devour items that are restricted for it or the diminutive knowledge of its master may bestow it troubles due to its feed. Whatever the case may be, the disorders in cat develop slowly with time but they could be utterly fatal if not given proper attention. With apposite care and treatment, the most lethal disorders could also be mitigated in a trice.

While you take the most effective care of your cat, it is necessary to know about the diseases your cat could be subject to. Some of the diseases in this regards are as follows:

Acral Lick Dermatitis:

It is the disease that occurs when the backside of the ankle or toes become swelled, firm, raised or develop ulcers. There could be various causes of its occurrence such as dermal diseases, fungal infections, allergies, hormonal problems, nervous troubles, cancers and arthritis etc. In such a case, the cat is taken to the vet and he diagnoses the cause according to the previous history or recent effects of substances.

Cholangiohepatitis (Liver Disease):

The disease is rather a disorder in the liver when the organ is affected by the inflammations, such that the liver and bile secretion is not rigorous. The most common cause of this contagion is bacterial and fungal infection which could cause digestive tract malfunctioning. With the advanced medical techniques, this disease could be controlled easily.

Diabetes Mellitus:

The lesser production of insulin in the body of cats could result in the rise of level of blood sugar. This upsurge of sugar is called diabetes and is the mother to a hoard of body disorders, some of which are highly catastrophic in nature. It could cause loss of appetite, loss in weight, kidney problems, heart disorders, coma and even lead to the death of pet in the long run. Therefore, the diet of the cat and proper medication is obligatory as soon as the disease is detected.

Kidney Disease:

Kidney disorders could either be inborn or when the renal parenchyma, the main functional unit of kidney is displaced by innumerable ulcers. These diseases could cause an utter dysfunction in the kidneys and the entire urinary system could be affected by it. Blood in urine, abdominal pain and enlarged abdomen are prominent symptoms to the kidney disorders. The cat is diagnosed by the vet and suitable medications are offered to cure it out.

Urinary Tract Disease:

Diseases in urinary system could be a result of improper diet of the pet or indecent medications previously. In such a case, the cat may behave weird while the urinary system may not function well according to the needs. You could get the cat diagnosed where several tests such as blood test, X-ray and ultrasound are offered to find the specific disorder and offer appropriate medications.

Feline Asthma:

Asthma in cats occurs when the Bronchi and bronchioles in the lungs stay affected with the inflammations. It could be sudden (acute) or of long-term (chronic). Asthmatic cats find difficulty in breathing and could be regularly affected with cough, cold, sneezes, feeble body and sluggishness. The vets, who specialize in curing this, would check the cat and offer a few suggestions on its food and the environment it lives in, to offer treatment.

Hyperthyroidism:

This disease is characterized with an increase in the level of thyroid hormones in the cats. Sometimes when the pituitary gland does not function well, it cause an imbalance in the secretion of thyroid which results in symptoms such as bulge in the body, increased appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, aggression and hyperactivity. Advanced techniques such as Thoracic radiography and echocardiography are used to examine and treat the disease.

Cancers:

Of all the fatal diseases, cancer is the most calamitous one to be discovered till date. Cancers result due to formation of tumors and have the capability to cover many parts such as skin, blood, bones, muscles, Ears, Heart, Intestines, Kidneys, Liver and may other body parts. Cancers degrade the body part and in turn the body, very slowly and may kill the animal if not taken proper treatment and care.

Vestibular Disease:

Vestibular diseases are characterized by incoordination, frequent tumbling of animal, nausea, tilting of head and vomiting etc. conditions. These signs occur many times in an hour. What causes this disease is infection in the ears and exposure to the toxins etc. To diagnose this, various assessments such as MRI, blood and urine test, spinal fluid test and cytology are performed.

Hypoglycemia:

It is a condition when there is an excessive decrease in the blood sugar, resulting in low levels of energy and fatigue in the pets. An abrupt rise in the insulin level, such that it consumes the present sugar of the blood could be encountered. Rise in insulin may also be a side effect of previously consumed medicines and low levels of glucose. The cat which encounters this disease is taken to the vet immediately and doses are injected to increase the level of body glucose.

Pancreatitis:

Pancreatitis is the inflammation of pancreas, caused due to diabetes, bacterial or fungal infections, abdominal disorders or liver diseases. In this, the flow of pancreatic juice may be unregulated, causing symptoms such as fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, dehydration, depression, increased heartbeat and difficulty in respiration. To make this ineffective, primary checkups such as X-ray etc. are performed and treatment is done according to the outcomes.

Periodontal Disease:

It is an inflammation that occurs in the teeth and other mouth parts of the cat. The food that it intakes could get stuck in the teeth and could be a home to many bacterial infections. It could also cause conditions such as gingivitis and pus formation. This disease could occur in stages and to examine the hidden conditions of the tooth, X-rays is performed before offering any further treatment.

Cat Flu:

The influenza virus offers H1N1 syndrome to the cats apart from dogs, pigs and ferrets. This is a worldwide phenomenon which results in cough, sneeze, exhaustion, loss of appetite, runny nose, fever and breathing disabilities. Physical examination and PCR testing are the methods which could help you get the right method for its treatment.

Cat Scratch Disease:

Also jargoned as Bartonellosis, this disease is a contagious one. It causes irritation in the skin favoring scratching effects. Other consequences such as small round bumps, swelling in the body, fever, lethargy and muscle pains may be appear. To cure this, blood samples may be collected by the vet to find out any serious disorders and the medications follow this.

Demodectic Mange:

This is a feline disease which occurs when the immune system of the cat is not able to check the number of mites in the body. It could inhibit chances of hair loss, skin disorders and other body diseases. To reduce the disease, treatments such as injectable doramectin, topical moxidectin, Lime sulfur dips, oral ivermectin or milbemycin treatments may be given as per the needs.

Ringworm:

This disease occurs in cats which have considerably long hair. Also known as Dermatophytosis, it is a fungal infection that affects the skin, hair, nails and paws of the cat.  This syndrome accompanies irritation, redness, dandruff, hair loss and patchy skin etc. symptoms. To eradicate this, vets perform skin biopsy and skin clipping treatments to find out the plight of the disease.

Alopecia:

This is a medical term for the disease which causes a loss in the hair of cat. Hair loss occurs due to various causes such as imbalance in the hormones, improper nourishment provided, increased level of steroids, parasitic infections, fungal and ringworm disorders etc. These could result in loss of hair with formations of bumps, red skin, sores and fever in cats. To treat this, blood tests, ultrasounds and hormonal secretion checks are offered to the cats.

Scabies:

Often disregarded, this is one of the prime disorders in the cat’s skin. Scabies is caused due to mites that are present in the body of pets and an excessive increase in their number could result in hair loss, red bumps, patchy skin and discoloration of the skin. Rush to the vet as soon as possible as this disease could affect humans and other pets too.

These are some of the prominent diseases that affect the body of cats and when under-looked, could pose serious troubles to the pets and the pet-keeper. Therefore, if you encounter any sort of disorder in the body of cats, better dash to the vet hurriedly or these diseases lay havoc on the body and could cost the life of the pets.